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What are the major differences between Electrical and Electronics engineering?

Engineering is the mostpopular field of study, and lakhs of students enrol in different engineeringcolleges in India. Engineering has many disciplines/ branches, out of which only five branches are considered evergreen. These five engineering branches are Civil, Computers, Mechanical, Chemical, Electronic and Electrical. Many students opt for Electronic and Electrical engineering, one of the most opted and old branches of engineering. However, many students in India get confused while getting admission to the Electrical and Electronics Engineering programme. Most of thestudents are not aware of the difference and similarity between Electrical and Electronic and career options available in both disciplines. 

The difference betweenelectrical and electronics engineering is a major concern for those looking for admission in in Electricaland Electronics. It has now become mandatory for the students to be aware of both concepts more clearly to choose the right career path. Electrical Engineering generally confuses the students with Electronics Engineering. It happens only because the study of both fields is related to each other in many ways. Electrical engineering is the oldest discipline among these two, which was confined to the study of electric power generation & transmission, electrical machines and their theories, but later, electronics was started being considered as a part of electrical engineering. Both electrical and electronics engineering related to each other because both branches have common approaches. This article will discuss how Electrical engineering is different from Electronics engineering and career options available in both disciplines. 

What are the major differences between electrical andelectronics engineering?

Electrical Engineering is abranch of engineering that mainly focuses on the study and application of electricity, electromagnetism and electronics. At the same time, electronic engineering is also an engineering discipline based on the study of non-linear and active electrical and electronics components and devices such as electron tubes, transistors, semiconductor devices, diodes and integrated circuits, etc. In electronic engineering, the students utilise their skills to design electronic circuits, devices and systems.

Electrical Engineering is astudy and Utilization of the Flow of Electrons. Electronics Engineering is astudy and utilisation of Flow of Charge (Electron & Holes).

Electrical devices useVoltages/ alternating current (AC) and tend to be larger and require 230V tohigher than 400kV. On the other hand, electronic components require only a small direct current (DC) / voltages between 3 and 12V and are also very small. For instance, a single microprocessor chip can carry hundreds/thousands of electronic components.

Another significant difference between electrical engineering and electronicengineering is that an electric circuit or network can power only an electricmachine. In contrast, the situation in anelectronic circuit is different. An electronic circuit plays a role as a decision making component/ device because it follows the input instruction and does a specific task defined by the designed circuit.

Suppose you talk about themajor skills taught in both electrical engineering and electronic engineering.In that case, the top Electronics Engineer Skills are Project Management, Engineering Design, Test Engineering, C, C++ and HDL Programming Languages, and Electronic Troubleshooting. The skills possessed by the Electrical Engineers include Project Management, Engineering Design, Autodesk AutoCAD, Matlab, and Programmable Logic Controllers/Automation etc. 

Career option available for both electrical engineering andelectronic engineering

The candidates who complete B tech electrical engineering can workin any of the following industries. 

● Engineering services

● Electric powergeneration, transmission and distribution

● Navigational,measuring, electromedical, and control instruments manufacturing

● Research anddevelopment in the physical, engineering, and life sciences

● Semiconductor andother electronic component manufacturing

While the top employers for candidates withB.Tech in Electronic are Telecommunications, Semiconductor and other electroniccomponent manufacturing, Federal government, excluding postal service, Navigational, measuring, electromedical, and control instruments manufacturing.

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